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Industry Reports

  • The Pharmaceutical Industry
    South Africa
    08 December 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The pharmaceutical industry provides the vital service of providing medication to the South African population and was valued at between R42.6bn and R45bn in 2016. Involved in the sector are 276 companies licensed by the Department of Health and the Medical Controls Council. Local manufacturing, valued at R 4.9bn in 2015, is dominated by local companies. In 2015 Aspen had a market share of 15.3% and Adcock Ingram’s market share was 8.9%. South African companies hold the number one position for overall market share, for Pharmaceuticals only and for over-the-counter medication only.
  • The South African Generator and Transformer Industry
    South Africa
    05 December 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Since 2015 the South African generator and transformer industry has suffered the effects of an economy weakened by reduced investment in energy and mining, declining manufacturing output and the impact of the drought on the agricultural sector. Above average winter temperatures and rising renewable energy production combined with Eskom’s stabilising of the grid, have resulted in an energy surplus that has negatively affected the growth of the generator industry. Growth in the transformer sector has also slowed because of reduced capital investment. Fraud and corruption remain prevalent and despite an increased focus on localisation, South Africa imported electrical transformers, static converters and inductors to the value of approximately R4.7bn in 2016.
  • The Mozambican Petroleum Industry
    South Africa
    28 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Mozambique is a net importer of refined petroleum products with the state-owned oil company, Petróleos de Moçambique SARL (Petromoc) and its subsidiary, Importadora Moçambicana de Petroleos (IMOPETRO), handling virtually all fuel imports. Petrol and diesel, kerosene, paraffin wax and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are the petroleum products currently imported into Mozambique. According to the World Bank’s 2017 Economic Update, the value of fuel imports, excluding LPG, totalled US$192m in the first quarter of 2017, up 57% compared to the same quarter the previous year.
  • The Agri-Business Sector in Tanzania
    Tanzania
    27 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Tanzania’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which according to the World Bank, accounted for 31.1% of GDP in 2016. Figures published in the African Economic Outlook report show that the agricultural sector employs 66% of the labour force, while agricultural products comprise 30% of exports. Most farmers in Tanzania are engaged in small-scale farming on farms ranging between 0.9ha and 3ha in size and farming on a commercial scale is carried out on only 1.5 million ha. The major food crops are maize, cassava, rice, potatoes, sweet potatoes and bananas, while the main cash crops are coffee, cotton, sugar cane, tea, cashew nuts, tobacco, sesame seeds and sisal.
  • Manufacture of Bakery Products
    South Africa
    23 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    According to the South African Chamber of Baking, total bread production increased in 2016 from 171 million loaves baked in January 2016 to 182 million loaves in December 2016. This was as a result of consumers replacing maize meal with bread because of the higher price of maize products brought about by severe drought and the weaker South African rand. Stakeholders believe this might change, however, as the recent bumper maize crop has now resulted in cheaper maize products. The current drought in the Western Cape where more than 60% of South Africa’s wheat is planted has also meant that approximately 51% of the country’s wheat is imported at import parity prices.
  • The Restaurant, Fast Food and Catering Industry
    South Africa
    15 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The South African restaurant, fast food and catering sector generated revenue of more than R57.25bn in 2016. According to the most recent figures published by Statistics South Africa, the restaurant/coffee shop segment generated just over 51% of the sector’s total income during the period 1 May 2017 to 31 July 2017, while the fast food and catering segments contributed 35.5% and 13.36% respectively. Although premium establishments catering for foreign tourists and niche upper-income customers continue to be well supported, the independent restaurants remain under pressure, as cash-strapped consumers endeavour to cut back on luxury spending. In addition to dwindling customer numbers, local food and beverages service providers report higher overheads and narrowing profit margins.
  • The Cosmetics Industry
    South Africa
    14 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Over the last two years the cosmetics industry has experienced an estimated compound annual growth rate of 4.6%. The value of the sector, which includes the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes and other personal care preparations, is estimated to have grown to R27.35bn at retail level and R19.69bn at manufacturing level. In the formal cosmetics sector there are approximately 250 companies that employ more than 60,000 people.
  • Recycling of Waste and Scrap
    South Africa
    08 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Currently South Africa’s waste economy is estimated to be worth R15bn. Every day 54,425 tons of waste is produced but only 3% of South Africa’s urban population regularly recycles and 90% of the waste that is produced is disposed in landfill sites. The Polokwane Declaration commits the South African Government to reducing the amount of waste to landfill and to sending 'Zero waste to landfill' by the year 2022.
  • Wholesale and Retail of Food in Senegal
    Senegal
    07 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Senegal is regarded as one of the most stable countries in Africa and although it suffers from poverty levels of more than 46%, it is the second-fastest growing economy in West Africa. Strong demographic growth and rapid urbanisation in recent years have transformed the food economy from subsistence farming to one where 45% of its population now lives in cities. The informal sector, which includes thousands of small independent shops, kiosks and traditional open-air markets dominates, accounting for as much as 80% of food wholesale and retail activity.
  • Mining of Gold and Uranium
    South Africa
    01 November 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Although South Africa is no longer the world’s largest gold producer and is now ranked sixth in the world, the gold and uranium mining sector is one of the largest components of the domestic mining industry on the basis of employment and export earnings. During 2016, South Africa produced 165.6t of gold, exported 103.7t worth R60.6bn and employed 116,479 people. The country was the world’s eleventh-largest producer of uranium in 2016 and it has reasonably assured uranium resources of 237,600t or 6.9% of the world total.
  • Wholesale and Retail of Food in the Ivory Coast
    Ivory Coast
    30 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is richly endowed with natural resources including petroleum and natural gas but is still recovering from a civil war that lasted ten years and ended in 2011. The country has experienced one of the highest growth rates in Africa in recent years with the economy more than doubling over the past decade to a value of US$36.1bn in 2016. Despite this, an estimated 46% of the population still lives in poverty and the informal sector, which includes local markets, numerous informal kiosks and tabletop sellers, accounts for more than 80% of food wholesale and retail activity.
  • The Accounting Sector
    South Africa
    25 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The accounting industry is part of the wider business services sector which contributed 20.2% to GDP in 2016. There were more than 41,000 Chartered Accountants (CAs) registered in South Africa in 2016 and some 2,000 active audit firms. Of concern in the domestic arena is that South Africa has lost its status as the global leader when it comes to the strength of auditing and reporting standards. The local industry is also beset with concerns over recently promulgated regulations, slow transformation and a perceived decline in independence due to allegations relating to the KPMG South Africa controversy.
  • Manufacture of Soap and Cleaning Products, Wax and Polishes
    South Africa
    24 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    In South Africa the manufacture of soap and cleaning products, wax and polishes is a multi-billion rand industry that is dominated by large multinational Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) players. There are currently around 250 players that operate in South Africa’s formal sector which employs approximately 16,000 people, but no statistics are available for companies active in the informal sector.
  • Manufacture of Dairy Products
    South Africa
    20 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The dairy market is divided into 63% liquid, that is milk in all its various forms and flavours, and 37% concentrated products produced by the secondary industry. The South African dairy sector has experienced a decline in most segments of the value chain over the last two years. Milk Producers earned R14bn in 2015/2016, which is 6.6% less than the previous year, and their numbers decreased from 1,683 in January 2016 to 1,593 in January 2017.
  • Generation of Electricity
    South Africa
    18 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    State-owned utility Eskom, which supplies 95% of the country’s power, has been plagued with negative publicity relating to increasing electricity costs, corruption and mismanagement. Credit ratings downgrades, financial instability and declining electricity sales have made the utility heavily reliant on government funding and despite the high upfront capital costs of nuclear projects, government plans to go ahead with the nuclear build programme.
  • Solid Waste Management
    South Africa
    12 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The most recent statistics from the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) revealed that in 2011 South Africans generated approximately 108 million tonnes of waste and 90% of this amount was disposed of at landfill. According to the Gauteng Provincial Government, which published waste-related statistics based on the Phakisa Lab, August 2017 findings this total has now 111 million tonnes, with 75% being disposed in landfill. The public and private waste sector contributed 0.62% to GDP up from 0.51% and an estimated value of R15.3bn in 2011.
  • The Telecommunications Industry and Retail of Devices
    South Africa
    09 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Excluding broadcasting and postal services, the telecommunications industry was worth R148.8bn in 2016, with its value increasing by 1% year-on-year. The sector contributed 2.7% to GDP and employed 26,669 people, according to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA).
  • Wholesale and Retail of Food in the DRC
    Democratic Republic of Congo
    06 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is endowed with minerals and is potentially one of the richest countries on earth, but it remains a relatively small market with GDP estimated by the World Bank at US$35bn in 2016 and per capita Gross National Income (GNI) at just US$420. Although the country has a population of more than 81 million people, the formal food wholesale and retail sector remains small. The majority of the population lives below the poverty line and most food sales occur in the informal sector.
  • The Accommodation Industry
    South Africa
    04 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    Income from the Accommodation sector reached R22.8bn in 2016, an increase of 12.3% over the previous year. Although this growth trend continued during the three months from March to May 2017 when a 6.5% year-on-year increase was recorded, it was driven mainly by rate increases. The industry as a whole is extremely sensitive to the effects of the weak economy and increases in property rates, electricity, water, salaries, food and operating materials are reducing the margins of all role players ranging from guest houses and B&Bs to multinational luxury hotel groups.
  • Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, other Chemicals and Industrial Gases
    South Africa
    02 October 2017
    R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
    estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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    In 2015 the chemicals sector contributed 3% towards GDP and accounted for 21.9% of total manufacturing GDP in the country. Although there is strong local market demand for chemical products, this represents a decline from 2017 figures of 3.4% and 24.6% respectively. Role players attribute the decline in the sector to the increase in cheaper imported chemicals and feedstock as well as a difficult economic environment.

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