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The Gas Industry
BY Carole Veitch
South Africa
14 July 2017
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 1 127.52 (USD) *
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The South African Gas Industry, including Distribution by Pipeline


Currently South Africa has 1.35GW of gas-fired generation capacity which constitutes a mere 3.76% of the nation’s primary energy mix. The country’s share of global gas consumption in 2016 was only 0.1% and 78% of its total consumption of 5.1 billion cubic metres of gas was imported via pipeline from neighbouring Mozambique. Although the South African government has reaffirmed that the proposed nuclear build programme remains on the agenda, the Department of Energy has identified the harnessing of both conventional and unconventional forms of gas as a strategic imperative.


Onshore and Offshore Reserves


Numerous offshore and onshore oil and gas exploration licences have been issued in recent years and more than 300 oil and gas exploration wells have been drilled. Gas finds have been made in undeveloped fields in the Pletmos Basin, as well as in the South African part of the Orange Basin. The Ibhubesi Gas Project, which lies 80km off the coast of the Northern Cape, has proven gas reserves of half a trillion cubic feet and is operated as a joint venture between PetroSA and Sunbird Energy Holdings. Proven onshore reserves of 25 billion cubic feet of natural gas and helium estimated to be worth around R2.2bn are being commercialised by alternative energy company Renergen Limited, through its subsidiary TETRA 4 (Pty) Ltd in partnership with Afrox. Despite opposition from anti-fracking lobby groups, exploration licences for onshore shale gas exploration in the semi-desert Karoo region are expected to be issued in September 2017.


Report Coverage


The detailed report on the South African Gas industry examines current conditions, developments and corporate actions as well as factors that influence the success of companies involved in the sector. Profiles for seven gas manufacturers including state-owned company, PetroSA and Engen Petroleum Ltd are provided. Also profiled are four companies involved in the distribution of gas via pipelines.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 3
2.2. Geographic Position 5
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 8
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 13
4.1. Local 13
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 16
4.1.2. Regulations 19
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 22
4.2. Continental 23
4.3. International 26
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 29
5.1. Economic Environment 29
5.2. Government Initiatives 30
5.3. Operating Costs 31
5.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 31
5.5. Labour 33
5.6. Cyclicality 34
5.7. Environmental Concerns 34
6. COMPETITION 36
6.1. Barriers to Entry 37
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 37
8. OUTLOOK 39
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 39
10. REFERENCES 41
10.1. Publications 41
10.2. Websites 42
APPENDIX 1 44
Proven Global Gas Reserves 44
APPENDIX 2 45
Global Gas Trade in 2015 and 2016 45
APPENDIX 3 46
Global Trade Movements by Pipeline – 2016 46
APPENDIX 4 47
Global Trade Movements - LNG 47
COMPANY PROFILES - THE MANUFACTURE OF GAS 48
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 48
BP SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 54
CHEVRON SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 56
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 59
NATIONAL PETROLEUM REFINERS OF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 62
PETROLEUM OIL AND GAS CORPORATION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOC LTD (THE) 64
RENERGEN LTD 67
SHELL AND BP SOUTH AFRICAN PETROLEUM REFINERIES (PTY) LTD 69
COMPANY PROFILES - DISTRIBUTION OF GASES, LIQUIDS, SLURRY AND OTHER COMMODITIES VIA PIPELINES 72
EGOLI GAS (PTY) LTD 72
GIGAJOULE INTERNATIONAL (PTY) LTD 74
SASOL GAS (PTY) LTD 76
TRANSNET SOC LTD 78