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The Pharmaceutical Industry
BY Ebrahim-Khalil Hassen
South Africa
08 December 2017
R 10 080.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 789.26 (USD) *
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The South African Pharmaceutical industry


The pharmaceutical industry provides the vital service of providing medication to the South African population and was valued at between R42.6bn and R45bn in 2016. Involved in the sector are 276 companies licensed by the Department of Health and the Medical Controls Council. Local manufacturing, valued at R 4.9bn in 2015, is dominated by local companies. In 2015 Aspen had a market share of 15.3% and Adcock Ingram’s market share was 8.9%. South African companies hold the number one position for overall market share, for Pharmaceuticals only and for over-the-counter medication only.


Challenges


Some of the important challenges facing the industry are tensions between improving access to affordable medicines on the one hand, and growing the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals on the other. Other factors influencing the sector include the introduction of the National Health Insurance (NHI), significant changes in technologies to manufacture drugs and the emergence of the use of cannabis and other alternative healing methods. Weak economic growth means that the public health sector will be required to do more with fewer resources than initially planned. It also has implications for the filling of an additional much-needed 12,000 pharmacist posts in the public sector.


Report Coverage


The detailed report on the Pharmaceutical industry focuses on developments in the South African manufacturing and retail sectors during 2016 and 2017. The report profiles 88 companies including newcomer Inicio, which recently secured a licensing agreement with German firm Fluxpharm. The agreement is a key step towards possible domestic production of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) for HIV/AIDS drugs, which locally-based pharmaceutical manufacturers currently import from China and India. If this is successful, South Africa will have its first black-owned pharmaceutical company. State-owned pharmaceutical manufacturer Ketlaphela has yet to begin production of APIs. Also profiled are three companies that have been investigated by the Competition Commission in relation to the supply of various cancer medicines, Pfizer, Aspen and Roche and its US-based biotechnology company, Genentech.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 4
2.2. Geographic Position 5
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 17
4.1. Local 17
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 20
4.1.2. Regulations 21
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 24
4.2. Continental 25
4.3. International 26
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 28
5.1. Economic Environment 28
5.2. Labour 29
5.3. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 31
5.4. Environmental Concerns 31
6. COMPETITION 32
6.1. Barriers to Entry 34
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 34
8. OUTLOOK 35
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 36
10. REFERENCES 37
10.1. Publications 37
10.2. Websites 37
COMPANY PROFILES 38
ABBOTT LABORATORIES SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 38
ADCOCK INGRAM HOLDINGS LTD 40
AFRICAN MEDICINES (PTY) LTD 45
AFRIPLEX (PTY) LTD 47
AIM AFRICA 50
ALPHA PHARM (KZN) (PTY) LTD 52
ALPHA PHARM (PTY) LTD 54
ALPHA PHARM EAST CAPE (PTY) LTD 56
AMWAY SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 58
ASCENDIS HEALTH LTD 60
ASPEN PHARMACARE HOLDINGS LTD 67
ASTELLAS PHARMA (PTY) LTD 72
ASTRAZENECA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 74
AUROBINDO PHARMA (PTY) LTD 76
AUSTELL LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 78
B BRAUN MEDICAL (PTY) LTD 80
BAXTER HEALTHCARE SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 83
BAYER (PTY) LTD 85
BECTON DICKINSON (PTY) LTD 88
BIOCLONES (PTY) LTD 90
CALIFORNIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 92
CIPLA MEDPRO SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 94
COLUMBIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 98
COMED HEALTH (PTY) LTD 100
DEON SCHOEMAN CC 102
DIS-CHEM PHARMACIES LTD 104
DR REDDY'S LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 113
ELI LILLY (SA) (PTY) LTD 115
FERRING (PTY) LTD 117
FOREVER LIVING PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 119
FRESENIUS KABI MANUFACTURING SA (PTY) LTD 122
FRESENIUS KABI SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 124
G M PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 127
GLAXOSMITHKLINE SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 129
GULF DRUG COMPANY (PTY) LTD 132
H H DURRHEIM (PTY) LTD 134
HERBA ZONE (PTY) LTD 136
HERBALIFE INTERNATIONAL SOUTH AFRICA LTD 138
HERSOL MANUFACTURING LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 140
IMBC INVESTMENT (PTY) LTD 142
IMVULA HEALTHCARE LOGISTICS (PTY) LTD 144
INGELHEIM PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 146
JOHNSON AND JOHNSON (PTY) LTD 148
KELLOGG COMPANY OF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 151
LAKATO (PTY) LTD 153
LITHA HEALTHCARE GROUP (PTY) LTD 155
MERCK (PTY) LTD 157
MSD (PTY) LTD 159
NATIONAL BIOPRODUCTS INSTITUTE 161
NATIVA (PTY) LTD 163
NEOLIFE INTERNATIONAL (PTY) LTD 165
NESTLE (SOUTH AFRICA) (PTY) LTD 167
NETCARE PHARMACIES 2 (PTY) LTD 171
NEW CLICKS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 173
NKUNZI PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 176
NOVARTIS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 178
NUTRI PHARMA SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 180
NUTRITIONAL HOLDINGS LTD 182
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 185
PARCEVAL (PTY) LTD 189
PFIZER LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 191
PHARMA DYNAMICS (PTY) LTD 194
PHARMACEUTICAL ENTERPRISES (PTY) LTD 197
PHARMACY DIRECT (PTY) LTD 199
PHARMED PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 201
PICK N PAY STORES LTD 204
PROCTER AND GAMBLE SA (PTY) LTD 209
RANBAXY (SA) (PTY) LTD 211
RANBAXY PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 213
ROCHE PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 215
S A NATURAL PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 218
S BUYS (PTY) LTD 220
SANDOZ SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 223
SANOFI-AVENTIS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 226
SHOPRITE HOLDINGS LTD 229
SISONKE PARTNERSHIP (THE) 233
SOLGAR SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 235
SONKE PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 237
SOUTH AFRICAN NUCLEAR ENERGY CORPORATION SOC LTD (THE) 239
SPAR GROUP LTD (THE) 242
SPECPHARM HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 247
TIGER BRANDS LTD 249
TRANSPHARM (PTY) LTD 254
VITAL HEALTH FOODS (PTY) LTD 256
WELLNESS WAREHOUSE (PTY) LTD 259
XIXIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 262
ZENITH PHARMACEUTICAL DISTRIBUTORS (PTY) LTD 264
ZENTIVA SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 266